Ideally, wine organic certification is quite complicated. There are various criteria that are imposed by different states when it comes to organic certification of wines. In the US, the National Organic program imposes standards in term of organic certification of wine including the organic ones.
Wines that many people enjoy in the past and at present days are credited to in-depth research and initiations of various proponents in order to come up with the most scalable approaches for the success of wine production industry. At present, it is very evident that wine production has a remarkable contribution in the overall growth of a country. While you are amazed with the bliss of drinking your favourite wines, it is also important that you are ware with the essential things about wine production.
Wine production is a very daunting task. Normally, it encompasses two major phases. The first one is about the growing of vineyards such as grape growing. The other phase involves all the processes in the winery such that of the bottling process.
Meanwhile, organic wines refer to wines produced from grapes that are organically farmed. Meaning, it only deals with the initial phase of wine production. There are lots of potential inputs that can be created during the wine production phase. These inputs are very important for the fermentation and preservation of the wine.
The process of maturity of wine takes over time. In connection to that, there are types of wines that mature with aging. As such, the flavour of the wine becomes more balanced and integrated. This is the reason why OK wines are known for their longevity. The application of sulphites in wine production is also widely debated by the wine producing proponents. At present, the only preservative that is proven effective in improving the lifespan of wines are non-organic. While there is an immerse production of wines without the use of preservatives, it is recognized that these wines are intended for consumption within several years of bottling.
The use of preservatives in wine production has also been a serious basis for the legal definitions of organically farmed wines. In some countries particularly Europe, the term Organic wine cannot be legally used to refer to wine. Those wines that are produced with additional sulphites but are organic are called as wines that are created from organic grapes.
In conventional wine growing, larger yields are aimed with the help of chemical fertilizers. Also, they are effective in protecting the vineyard from the threats of diseases. These fertilizers penetrate through the roots to the sap of the vines. After that, they are transported into the stems and leaves and into the fruit. With this, the residues will be included into the f end product. Apart from the impact of direct consumption, conventional farming greatly affects the quality of water and soil. In connection to this, wine farmers need to wear hazmat clothing, as well as breathing apparatus in order to spare themselves from the threat of crop sprays.
In spite of this beneficial aspect of chemical fertilizers, organic wine growers also adhere to the belief that chemical farming is potentially damaging to the features of the soil. In addition to that, it also affects the flavour of the wine.
In the United States, there is a stringent rule about the the process of wine making. These rules govern all the stages of wine production such as harvesting and identifying sorts of yeasts that can be applied during the process of fermentation and storage conditions. Such rules also cover domestic as well as imported wines that receive SDA certification.
Natural winemaking refers to the process of wine making that is applicable to any types of wine. It also defined as the use of native yeasts in the process of fermentation where in there is no or little sulfur dioxide in the wine production process. In addition to that, it can also pertain to unfiltered and unrefined.
The United States laws do not govern natural wine making. Meaning, there are no inspection or as well as verification processes. However, they can be applicable for biodynamic wine. According to a statistical source, below ten percent of the organic wines in US are produced in a natural style.
It is on the preference of the g winemakers is if they use biodynamic or organic grapes. Normally, when native yeasts are used, it means that there is a more unique profile of the wine as years go by. Due to the non-interventionist method, there are wider variations of vintages compared to conventionally produced wines. This is a very important part of natural wines which suggests that there is minimal intervention in order to come up with the best flavours of the vintage wines.
There are some wine farmers who are adept to additional steps aside from the standard way of making wines. This is very relevant in the process of making sustainable wines. Some of which involves the use of cultivation as well as composting of plants. The purpose of this is to attract insects that are helpful to the growth of the wines.
Sustainable approaches employed in vineyards also make the process more efficient. This is because they provide area for the wildlife in order to spare the vines from being eaten by animals. They also open an avenue for the growth of wildflowers as well as weeds between wines. In addition to that, sustainable wine farmers can also make use of beneficial equipment such as bio diesel tractor in their vineyards in order to lessen emission which can be harmful to the vines. They can also plough the vineyard with the help of a horse.
Sustainable wine production is a system viewpoint of the combination of human and natural resources. This essentially involves environmental health, social and economic, equity aspect and economic probability. In connection to this, it needs small and scalable approaches as indicated in the Code of Sustainable Wine Growing which has been published by CSWA or California Sustainable Wine Growing Alliance.